Fire and Archaeology

Displaying 1 - 10 of 120

Motivation: Rapid climate change is altering plant communities around the globe fundamentally. Despite progress in understanding how plants respond to these climate shifts, accumulating evidence suggests that disturbance could not only modify expected...

Person: Napier, Chipman
Year: 2022
Type: Document

This study describes a multivariate statistical model (derived using partial least squares regression, PLS-R) that derives charring intensity (reaction temperature and duration) from the attenuated total reflectance (ATR) Fourier Transform Infrared (...

Person: Constantine, Mooney, Hibbert, Marjo, Bird, Cohen, Forbes, McBeath, Rich, Stride
Year: 2021
Type: Document

In a changing world where the frequency of natural hazards is increasing, the consequences of disasters on cultural heritage assets are still not well understood. This can be attributed to shortcomings in existing risk management practices and to the...

Person: Figueiredo, Paupério, Romão
Year: 2021
Type: Document

Millenia of sustainable, low intensity land use have formed the cultural landscapes of central Europe. Studies from the Central Alps show that mountain pastures also look back onto many thousand years of land use history. In this palynological and...

Person: Gilck, Poschlod
Year: 2021
Type: Document

Climate change is allowing fire to expand into previously unburnt ecosystems and regions. While management policies such as fire suppression have significantly altered their frequency and intensity. To prevent future biodiversity/ecosystem services...

Person: Hawthorne, Colombaroli, Mitchell
Year: 2021
Type: Document

Indigenous land use and climate have shaped fire regimes in southeast Australia during the Holocene, although their relative influence remains unclear. The archaeologically attested mid-Holocene decline in land-use intensity on the Furneaux Group...

Person: Adeleye, Haberle, Connor, Stevenson, Bowman
Year: 2021
Type: Document

Indigenous knowledge emphasises the importance of cultural connections between humans and the biophysical world. In the face of threats to the maintenance and transfer of Indigenous knowledge, novel approaches such as seasonal calendars are emerging as...

Person: McKemey, Ens, Hunter, Ridges, Costello, Reid
Year: 2021
Type: Document

Charcoal analysis, applied in sediment facies analysis of the Pecora river palaeochannel (Tyrrhenian southern Tuscany, Italy), detected the occurrence of past fire events in two different fluvial landforms at 800–450 BC and again at AD 650–1300. Taking...

Person: Buonincontri, Pieruccini, Susini, Lubritto, Ricci, Rey, Tinner, Colombaroli, Drescher-Schneider, Dallai, Marasco, Poggi, Bianchi, Hodges, Di Pasquale
Year: 2020
Type: Document

This work introduces a methodology for assessing near-future fire weather pattern changes based on the Canadian Fire Weather Index system components (Fire Weather Index (FWI), Initial Spread Index (ISI), Fire Severity Rating (FSR)), applied in...

Person: Varela, Vlachogiannis, Sfetsos, Politi, Karozis
Year: 2020
Type: Document

The lack of scientific information about the effects of wildfire on prehistoric structures and rock art, such as dolmens and petroglyphs, impedes the development of conservation guidelines. In this study, the impact of a recent wildfire (late 2017) on...

Person: Pozo-Antonio, Sanmartín, Serrano, de la Rosa, Miller, Sanjurjo-Sánchez
Year: 2020
Type: Document