Fire and Archaeology Resources

Displaying 71 - 80 of 275

Native American populations declined between 1492 and 1900 CE, instigated by the European colonization of the Americas. However, the magnitude, tempo, and ecological effects of this depopulation remain the source of enduring debates. Recently, scholars...

Person: Liebmann, Farella, Roos, Stack, Martini, Swetnam
Created Year: 2016
Type: Document

Interannual climate variations have been important drivers of wildfire occurrence in ponderosa pine forests across western North America for at least 400 years, but at finer scales of mountain ranges and landscapes human land uses sometimes over-rode...

Person: Swetnam, Farella, Roos, Liebmann, Falk, Allen
Created Year: 2016
Type: Document

Uncharacteristically severe wildfires can threaten cultural resources through direct effects that are obvious and immediate, such as destruction of structures; or that may be harder to recognize, such as thermal alteration of surface materials....

Person: Loehman, Archer, Butler, Civitello, Dyer, Evans, Gauthier, Reardon, Steffen, Swetnam, Cates, Gordon
Created Year: 2016
Type: Project

Cultural resources are physical features, both natural and anthropogenic, associated with human activity. These unique and non-renewable resources include sites, structures, and objects possessing significance in history, architecture, archaeology, or...

Person: Loehman, Butler, Civitello, Constan, Dyer, Evans, Friggens, Kneifel, Reardon, Scheintaub, Steffen
Created Year: 2016
Type: Document

The complex interactions among climate, soils, fire and humans in the biogeography of natural grasslands has long been debated in Australia. On the one hand, ecological models assume the primacy of climate and soils. On the other, Aboriginal burning is...

Person: Foreman
Created Year: 2016
Type: Document

On centennial to millennial timescales fire regimes are driven by climate changes, vegetation composition and human activities. We reconstructed the postglacial vegetation and fire history based on pollen and charcoal data from a small lake in Cradle...

Person: Stahle, Whitlock, Haberle
Created Year: 2016
Type: Document

Santa Clara Indian Pueblo lands are adjacent to the Jemez National Forest, Bandelier National Monument and Valles Caldera National Preserve. This paper explores Pueblo vulnerability and resilience after repeated and devastating fires in this century as...

Person: Watson, Carver, Krenova, McBride, Stumpff
Created Year: 2015
Type: Document

Archaeological assemblages in the American Southwest are currently subjected to periodic wildfires and prescribed burns, and have been exposed to fires in the past. Ceramics are a key constituent of these assemblages, leading to questions regarding the...

Person: Kneifel
Created Year: 2015
Type: Document

Aim The forest steppe of the Transylvanian Plain is a landscape of exceptionally diverse steppe-like and semi-natural grasslands. Is this vegetation a remnant of a once continuous temperate forest extensively cleared by humans, or has the area, since...

Person: Feurdean, Marinova, Nielsen, Liakka, Veres, Hutchinson, Braun, Timar-Gabor, Astalos, Mosburgger, Hickler
Created Year: 2015
Type: Document

The influence of Native American land-use practices on vegetation composition and structure has long been a subject of significant debate. This is particularly true in portions of the western United States where tribal hunter-gatherers did not use...

Person: Crawford, Mensing, Lake, Zimmerman
Created Year: 2015
Type: Document