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Fire behavior is commonly defined as the manner in which fuel ignites, flame develops, and fire spread and exhibits other related phenomena as determined by the interaction of fuels, weather, and topography.

Below are a selection of publications authored or co-authored by Dr. Martin E. Alexander that are not already listed on the Canadian Forest Fire Danger Rating System (CFFDRS), Crown Fire Initiation and Spread (CFIS) System, International Crown Fire Modeling Experiment (ICFME) or Crown Fire Behavior Characteristics and Prediction in Conifer Forests: A State of Knowledge Synthesis pages on FRAMES. Dr. Alexander retired from the Canadian Forest Service in November 2010 after nearly 35 years of service. At the time, he was a Senior Fire Behavior Research Officer stationed at the Northern Forestry Centre in Edmonton, Alberta. His primary research interests still focus on wildland fire behavior and forest/grassland fire danger rating, including the practical and scientific application of such knowledge to fire/fuel management and other disciplines.


Martin E. Alexander
Wild Rose Fire Behaviour
curriculum vitae (pdf)


Displaying 1 - 165 of 165
People Title Year Sort descending Type
Fernandes, Sil, Ascoli, Cruz, Alexander, Rossa, Baeza, Burrows, Davies, Fidelis, Gould, Govender, Kilinc, McCaw Drivers of wildland fire behaviour variation across the Earth Document
Bell Forest fires in northern Canada (with an introduction by Martin E. Alexander) 1889 Document
Alexander, Yancik The effect of precommercial thinning on fire potential in a lodgepole pine stand 1977 Document
Alexander, Janz, Quintilio Analysis of extreme wildfire behavior in east-central Alberta: a case study 1983 Document
Lawson, Stocks, Alexander, Van Wagner A system for predicting fire behavior in Canadian forests 1985 Document
Alexander Estimating the length-to-breadth ratio of elliptical forest fire patterns 1985 Document
de Groot, Alexander Wildfire behavior on the Canadian Shield: a case study of the 1980 Chachukew fire, Saskatchewan 1986 Document
Kiil, Quintilio, Alexander Adaptation of a national system of fire danger rating in Alberta, Canada: a case study in technology transfer 1986 Document
Alexander, Lanoville Wildfires as a source of fire behavior data: a case study from the Northwest Territories, Canada 1987 Document
Alexander Help with making crown fire hazard assessments 1988 Document
Alexander, Andrews Wildland fire occurrence and behavior analysis in the year 2000 and beyond 1989 Document
Alexander, de Groot, Hirsch, Lanoville Use of posters for interpreting fire behavior and danger research 1989 Document
Alexander, Sando Fire behavior and effects in aspen-northern hardwood stands 1989 Document
Alexander Computer calculation of the Keetch-Byram Drought Index-programmers beware! 1990 Document
McAlpine, Stocks, Van Wagner, Lawson, Alexander, Lynham Forest fire behavior research in Canada 1990 Document
Alexander Fire behavior forecasting in the boreal forest: two decision support aids for Canadian fire managers 1991 Document
Alexander The 1985 Butte fire in central Idaho: a Canadian perspective on the associated burning conditions 1991 Document
Alexander, Stocks, Lawson Fire behavior in black spruce-lichen woodland: the Porter Lake project 1991 Document
Alexander, Maffey Predicting fire behavior in Canada's aspen forests 1992 Document
Alexander, Pearce What were the Canadian fire danger indices? Follow-up to the Spokane area firestorm '91 report 1992 Document
Alexander The 1990 Stephan Bridge Road fire in Michigan: a Canadian perspective on the fire danger conditions 1992 Document
Alexander, Pearce The Canadian fire danger ratings associated with the 1991 Oakland-Berkeley Hills fire 1993 Document
Alexander, Pearce, Farrow, Smart Experimental fires in radiata pine logging slash within the Kinleith Forest during early 1993 1993 Document
Pearce, Alexander Fire danger ratings associated with New Zealand's major pine plantation wildfires 1994 Document
Pearce, Morgan, Alexander Wildfire behaviour in a New Zealand wetland: a case study 1995 Document
Fogarty, Pearce, Catchpole, Alexander Adoption vs. adaptation: lessons from applying the Canadian Forest Fire Danger Rating System in New Zealand 1998 Document
Alexander Fire behaviour as a factor in forest and rural fire suppression 2000 Document
Alexander Fire behavior knowledge gaps (& research needs) pertaining to ecosystem management - invited paper 2000 Document
Thorburn, MacMillan, Alexander The application of interactive multimedia CD-ROM technology to wildland fire safety training 2000 Document
Alexander, Thorburn Fireline safety training course available on CD-ROM 2001 Document
Thorburn, Alexander LACES versus LCES: adopting an 'A' for 'anchor points' to improve wildland firefighter safety 2001 Document
Alexander, Stocks, Wotton, Lanoville Tracking the spread and intensity of crown fires 2001 Document
Alexander The staff ride approach to wildland fire behavior and firefighter safety awareness training: a commentary 2002 Document
Alexander An emerging fire management issue in Canada: forest-fire fuels 2002 Document
Cruz, Alexander, Wakimoto Predicting crown fire behavior to support forest fire management decision-making 2002 Document
Alexander Fire behavior as it relates to firefighter safety: seven key points for discussion 2003 Document
Alexander Fire behavior as it relates to firefighter safety: six key points for discussion 2003 Document
Taylor, Alexander Considerations in developing a national forest fire danger rating system 2003 Document
Alexander Understanding fire behavior-the key to effective fuels management 2003 Document
Thorburn, MacMillan, Alexander, Nimchuk, Frederick, Van Nest 'Principles of Fire Behavior': a CD-ROM-based interactive multimedia training course 2003 Document
Alexander Technology transfer and wildland fire management/research 2003 Document
Alexander, Thomas Wildland fire behavior case studies and analyses: Other examples, methods, reporting standards, and some practical advice 2003 Document
Alexander, Thomas Wildland fire behavior case studies and analyses: Value, approaches, and practical uses 2003 Document
Alexander, Stam Safety alert for wildland firefighters: fuel conditions in spruce-beetle-killed forests of Alaska 2003 Document
SanMiguel-Ayanz, Carlson, Alexander, Tolhurst, Morgan, Sneeuwjagt, Dudfield Current methods to assess fire danger potential 2003 Document
Alexander A comment on models and modelling in fire/fuel management 2004 Document
Alexander Limitations on accuracy of wildland fire behavior predictions 2004 Document
Alexander Can wildland conflagrations be stopped? 2004 Document
Lavoie, Alexander Experimental reburns 1-4 years after high-intensity crown fire - abstract 2004 Document
Alexander, Stocks The International Crown Fire Modelling Experiment: background, genesis, overview and summary - abstract 2004 Document
Alexander, Thomas First of its kind: a historical perspective on wildland fire behavior training 2004 Document
Eckert, Alexander 'Brewer fire mystery' discussion 2004 Document
Baxter, Alexander, Dakin Travel rates of Alberta wildland firefighters using escape routes on a moderately steep slope 2004 Document
Alexander, Tymstra, Frederick Incorporating breaching and spotting considerations into PROMETHEUS - the Canadian wildland fire growth model 2004 Document
St. John, Alexander Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index System: training now available on CD-ROM 2004 Document
Alexander, Lanoville The International Crown Fire Modelling Experiment fuel treatment trials 2004 Document
Alexander, Thomas Forecasting wildland fire behavior: aids and guides, and knowledge-based protocols 2004 Document
Alexander Fire behavior considerations ... for safe and productive fire suppression 2005 Media
Alexander Drought and wildland fire: searching for practical solutions 2005 Media
Alexander Latest developments in crown fire behavior prediction 2005 Media
Alexander Fuel management in relation to wildland fire prevention: a new and/or old concept? 2005 Document
Beck, Parminter, Alexander, MacDermid, Van Nest, Beaver, Grimaldi Fire ecology and management 2005 Document
Alexander, Baxter, Dakin Travel rates of Alberta wildland firefighters using escape routes 2005 Document
Alexander, Baxter, Hsieh Software under development for predicting the effectiveness of grassland firebreaks 2006 Document
Alexander Stand structure modification to reduce fire potential: Simulation vs. reality 2006 Document
Thomas, Alexander Fire Management Today offers its services to wildland fire safety 2006 Document
Otway, Bork, Anderson, Alexander Predicting ground fire ignition potential in aspen communities 2006 Document
Cruz, Butler, Alexander, Viegas Development and evaluation of a semi-physical crown fire initiation model 2006 Document
Alexander You are about to be entrapped or burned over by a wildfire: what are your survival options? - proceedings 2006 Document
Alexander Prescribed burn documentation and fire danger ratings: a case study 2006 Document
Alexander, Thomas Prescribed fire case studies, decision aids, and planning guides 2006 Document
Alexander Surviving a wildland fire entrapment or burnover 2007 Document
Alexander How much fuel is in that pile or windrow? 2007 Document
Alexander Simple question; difficult answer: How much fuel is acceptable? 2007 Document
Alexander Improving wildland firefighter safety and public safety through fire behavior research and development 2007 Document
Alexander, Mutch, Davis Wildland fires: dangers and survival (5th edition) 2007 Document
Alexander A fuels management bibliography with subject index 2007 Document
Alexander Software can assess fuel treatment effectiveness on crown fire behavior 2007 Document
Alexander Forest fire protection and management in Nova Scotia: Reflecting on the past, the present, and the future 2008 Document
Alexander Some random thoughts on fire behavior research and operational fire behavior considerations - powerpoint 2008 Document
Alexander, Butler Proceedings of the wildland fire safety summits 2008 Document
Alexander Wildland fire safety featured in wilderness medicine book 2008 Document
Alexander Proposed revision of fire danger class criteria for forest and rural areas in New Zealand 2008 Document
Alexander Living with fire in the boreal forest 2009 Media
Alexander, Baxter, Ackerman Is a wellsite opening a safety zone for a wildland firefighter or a survival zone or neither? - abstract 2009 Document
Alexander Are we abusing our use of models and modelling in wildland fire and fuel management? 2009 Document
Alexander Wildland fire behaviour and 'The Course of Science' flowchart: is there a connection? 2009 Document
Alexander, Ackerman, Baxter An analysis of Dodge's escape fire on the 1949 Mann Gulch Fire in terms of a survival zone for wildland firefighters 2009 Document
Alexander The 1988 fires of Yellowstone and beyond as a wildland fire behavior case study 2009 Document
Alexander, Cruz Recent advances in modelling the onset of crowning and crown fire rate of spread (abstract) 2009 Document
Alexander Some pragmatic thoughts on the prediction of spotting in wildland fires - powerpoint 2009 Document
Alexander Are wildland-urban interface fire disasters avoidable? 2009 Document
Alexander How big was Dodge's escape fire? 2010 Document
Alexander, Cruz, Vaillant, Peterson Towards a crown fire synthesis: what would you like to know and what might you be able to contribute? 2010 Document
Alexander 'Lest we forget': Canada's major wildland fire disasters of the past, 1825-1938 2010 Document
Cruz, Alexander Crown fires 2010 Document
Alexander Fire behavior in moderately heavy logging slash: documenting the past with photographs 2010 Document
Alexander Foliar moisture content input in the Canadian Forest Fire Behavior Prediction System for areas outside of Canada 2010 Document
Alexander, Cruz Introducing the Canopy Fuel Stratum Characteristics Calculator 2010 Document
Lavoie, Alexander, Macdonald Photo guide for quantitatively assessing the characteristics of forest fuels in a jack pine - black spruce chronosequence in the Northwest Territories 2010 Document