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The Alaska Reference Database originated as the standalone Alaska Fire Effects Reference Database, a ProCite reference database maintained by former BLM-Alaska Fire Service Fire Ecologist Randi Jandt. It was expanded under a Joint Fire Science Program grant for the FIREHouse project (The Northwest and Alaska Fire Research Clearinghouse). It is now maintained by the Alaska Fire Science Consortium and FRAMES, and is hosted through the FRAMES Resource Catalog. The database provides a listing of fire research publications relevant to Alaska and a venue for sharing unpublished agency reports and works in progress that are not normally found in the published literature.

Displaying 301 - 325 of 14912

Sutphen
From the text ... 'More than 80 percent of all wildfires in Florida occur within 1 mile of wildland-urban inferface (WUI) areas. Fires in WUI areas often present challenges for fire response, suppression, and public safety, in part because wildfire suppression may involve…
Year: 2014
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Stein, Menakis, Carr, Comas, Stewart, Cleveland, Bramwell, Radeloff
From the text ... 'Fire historically has played a fundamental ecological role in many of America's wildland areas. However, the increasing number of homes in the wildland-urban interface (WUI), associated impacts on lives and property from wildfire, and escalating costs of…
Year: 2014
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Mowery, Prudhomme
From the text ... 'A fire adapted community accepts wildfire as part of the natural landscape and takes responsibility for its risk. Community members understand the risk and have proactively implemented collaborative mitigation actions to successfully survive fire. Those…
Year: 2014
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Keane, Dillon, Drury, Innes, Morgan, Lutes, Prichard, Smith, Strand
From the introduction ... 'Announcing the release of new software packages for application in wildland fire science and management, two fields that are already fully saturated with computer technology, may seem a bit too much to many managers. However, there have been some…
Year: 2014
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

From the text ... 'The performance of homes in three traditionally built communities and that of three master planned communities, employing the concept known as 'shelter-in-place,' was examined. The shelter-in-place communities performed much better with significantly fewer…
Year: 2014
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Harbour
From the text ... 'Wildfires can be caused by an accumulation of dead matter (leaves, twigs, and trees) that can create enough heat in some instances to spontaneously combust and ignite the surrounding area.'
Year: 2014
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Deaton
From the text ... 'Engaging in a fire-preparedness dialogue is particularly important for the fire departments because national studies have shown the firefighters are uniquely respected in their communities and can project a trusted voice to the public-preparedness appeal.'
Year: 2014
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Cruz, Alexander
From the text ... 'Operational guides for predicting various aspects of wildland fire behavior, including crowning, are generally dependent on mathematical models that can take a variety of forms. The degree of accuracy in predictions of crown fire behavior is dependent on the…
Year: 2014
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Alexander, Cruz, Vaillant
From the text ... 'Wildland fire research has done much to contribute to our current understanding of the behavior of crowning forest fires through laboratory experiments, outdoor experimental burning, numerical modeling, and wildfire case histories. Presumably, the future holds…
Year: 2014
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Alexander, Cruz
From the text ... 'Wind-driven surface and crown fires in conifer forests typically adopt a roughly elliptical shape.Area burned is proportional to the rate of spread increase (following the transition to crowning) to the power of 2.'
Year: 2014
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Yi, McGuire, Harden, Kasischke, Manies, Hinzman, Liljedahl, Randerson, Liu, Romanovsky, Marchenko, Kim
Soil temperature and moisture are important factors that control many ecosystem processes. However, interactions between soil thermal and hydrological processes are not adequately understood in cold regions, where the frozen soil, fire disturbance, and soil drainage play…
Year: 2009
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Pouliot, Pace, Roy, Pierce, Mobley
A 2005 biomass burning (wildfire, prescribed, and agricultural) emission inventory has been developed for the contiguous United States using a newly developed simplified method of combining information from multiple sources for use in the US EPA's National Emission Inventory (…
Year: 2008
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Lyons, Jin, Randerson
We assessed the multidecadal effects of boreal forest fire on surface albedo using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) satellite observations within the perimeters of burn scars in interior Alaska. Fire caused albedo to increase during periods with and without…
Year: 2008
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Liu, Randerson
Understanding how changes in the boreal fire regime will affect high latitude climate requires knowledge of the sensitivity of the surface energy budget to shifts in vegetation cover. We measured components of the surface energy budget in three ecosystems that were part of a…
Year: 2008
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Fauria, Johnson
[1] Large lightning wildfires in Canada and Alaska account for most of the area burnt and are main determiners of the age mosaic of the landscape. Such fires occur when positive midtroposphere height anomalies persist > 10 days during the fire season. Midtroposphere anomalies…
Year: 2006
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Dasgupta, Qu, Bhoi
The retrieval of Live Fuel Moisture Content (LFMC) over fire prone grasslands is important for fire risk and drought assessment. Radiative transfer (RT) model based inversion of measured reflectances for retrievals of LFMC offers a promising method for estimating LFMC. This…
Year: 2009
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Balshi, McGuire, Zhuang, Melillo, Kicklighter, Kasischke, Wirth, Flannigan, Harden, Clein, Burnside, McAllister, Kurz, Apps, Shvidenko
[1] Wildfire is a common occurrence in ecosystems of northern high latitudes, and changes in the fire regime of this region have consequences for carbon feedbacks to the climate system. To improve our understanding of how wildfire influences carbon dynamics of this region, we…
Year: 2007
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Whitlock, Anderson
From the text ... 'Our experience in conducting fire history studies comes from regions with natural lakes and wetlands. Lake sites are used for most stratigraphic fire history studies, and our understanding of charcoal deposition and burial (i.e., charcoal taphonomy) comes from…
Year: 2003
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Morgan, Defossé, Rodriguez
From the text ... 'This chapter focuses on the practical, management implications of the fire and climate change research that is reported in the earlier chapters of this volume. We start with an overview of fire management goals and strategies, and then draw some parallels…
Year: 2003
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Yue, Ciais, Luyssaert, Cadule, Harden, Randerson, Bellassen, Wang, Piao, Poulter, Viovy
Stand-replacing fires are the dominant fire type in North American boreal forests. They leave a historical legacy of a mosaic landscape of different aged forest cohorts. This forest age dynamics must be included in vegetation models to accurately quantify the role of fire in the…
Year: 2013
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Toledo, Sorice, Kreuter
Fire suppression in grassland systems that are adapted to episodic fire has contributed to the recruitment of woody species in grasslands worldwide. Even though the ecology of restoring these fire prone systems back to grassland states is becoming clearer, a major hurdle to the…
Year: 2013
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Schilling, Sullivan, Duke
Previous research has reached inconsistent, if not paradoxical, conclusions regarding the impact of conservation easements on farmland prices. Expectations of price reductions, strongly grounded in economic theory, are not always observed. We develop a hedonic model to examine…
Year: 2013
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Kolden, Rogan
Wildfires are historically infrequent in the arctic tundra, but are projected to increase with climate warming. Fire effects on tundra ecosystems are poorly understood and difficult to quantify in a remote region where a short growing season severely limits ground data…
Year: 2013
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Hansen, Naughton
Climate warming is causing the frequency, extent, and severity of natural disturbances to increase. To develop innovative approaches for mitigating the potential negative social consequences of such increases, research is needed investigating how people perceive and respond to…
Year: 2013
Type: Document
Source: TTRS

Genet, McGuire, Barrett, Breen, Euskirchen, Johnstone, Kasischke, Melvin, Bennett, Mack, Rupp, Schuur, Turetsky, Yuan
There is a substantial amount of carbon stored in the permafrost soils of boreal forest ecosystems, where it is currently protected from decomposition. The surface organic horizons insulate the deeper soil from variations in atmospheric temperature. The removal of these…
Year: 2013
Type: Document
Source: TTRS