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The Alaska Reference Database originated as the standalone Alaska Fire Effects Reference Database, a ProCite reference database maintained by former BLM-Alaska Fire Service Fire Ecologist Randi Jandt. It was expanded under a Joint Fire Science Program grant for the FIREHouse project (The Northwest and Alaska Fire Research Clearinghouse). It is now maintained by the Alaska Fire Science Consortium and FRAMES, and is hosted through the FRAMES Resource Catalog. The database provides a listing of fire research publications relevant to Alaska and a venue for sharing unpublished agency reports and works in progress that are not normally found in the published literature.

Displaying 176 - 200 of 14911

Hoffman, Canfield, Linn, Mell, Sieg, Pimont, Ziegler
Modeling the behavior of crown fires is challenging due to the complex set of coupled processes that drive the characteristics of a spreading wildfire and the large range of spatial and temporal scales over which these processes occur. Detailed physics-based modeling approaches…
Year: 2016
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Fann, Alman, Broome, Morgan, Johnston, Pouliot, Rappold
Introduction: Wildland fires degrade air quality and adversely affect human health. A growing body of epidemiology literature reports increased rates of emergency departments, hospital admissions and premature deaths from wildfire smoke exposure. Objective: Our research aimed to…
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Robinne, Bladon, Miller, Parisien, Mathieu, Flannigan
The large mediatic coverage of recent massive wildfires across the world has emphasized the vulnerability of freshwater resources. The extensive hydrogeomorphic effects from a wildfire can impair the ability of watersheds to provide safe drinking water to downstream communities…
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Allaby, Juday, Young
Post-harvest regeneration failure of white spruce (Picea glauca Moench [Voss]), has led to concerns of 'de-coniferization' on productive site in the Alaskan boreal forest. Forest management in the region sought historically to increase spruce composition after harvest through…
Year: 2017
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

When disaster strikes, people pitch in to help the response effort. One of the key positions in this effort is the Resource Advisor (READ). They provide professional knowledge and expertise for the protection of natural, cultural, and special management areas. This guide will…
Year: 2017
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Guyette, Stambaugh, Dey, Muzika
The effects of climate on wildland fire confronts society across a range of different ecosystems. Water and temperature affect the combustion dynamics, irrespective of whether those are associated with carbon fueled motors or ecosystems, but through different chemical, physical…
Year: 2017
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Knapp, Soulé
We examined relationships between monthly Arctic sea-ice extent (ASIE) and annual wildfire activity for seven regions in the western United States during 1980-2015 to determine if spatio-temporal linkages exist between ASIE, upper-level flow, and surface climatic conditions…
Year: 2017
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Jactel, Bauhus, Boberg, Bonal, Castagneyrol, Gardiner, González-Olabarria, Koricheva, Meurisse, Brockerhoff
Purpose of review: Forests are frequently exposed to natural disturbances, which are likely to increase with global change, and may jeopardize the delivery of ecosystem services. Mixed-species forests have often been shown to be more productive than monocultures, but it is…
Year: 2017
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

The Prescribed Fire Complexity Rating System Guide establishes interagency prescribed fire complexity analysis standards. The analysis provides a focused, subjective assessment by qualified prescribed fire burn bosses that is evaluated and approved by Agency Administrators, and…
Year: 2017
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Kelsey, Westlind
The lethal temperature limit is 60 degrees Celsius (°C) for plant tissues, including trees, with lower temperatures causing heat stress. As fire injury increases on tree stems, there is an accompanying rise in tissue ethanol concentrations, physiologically linked to impaired…
Year: 2017
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Lin, Horowitz, Payton, Fiore, Tonnesen
US surface O3 responds to varying global-to-regional precursor emissions, climate, and extreme weather, with implications for designing effective air quality control policies. We examine these conjoined processes with observations and global chemistry-climate model (GFDL-AM3)…
Year: 2017
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Dove, Hart
Soil fungal communities perform many functions that help plants meet their nutritional demands.  However, overall trends for fungal response to fire, which can be especially critical in a post-fire context, have been difficult to elucidate.  We used meta-analytical techniques to…
Year: 2017
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Fox, Gabor, Thomas, Ziegler, Black
Although communication is often cited as a contributor to organisational accidents, complexities of the communication context are still understudied. In training materials and some investigative reports, communication is often presented as an equipment issue or as a simple skill…
Year: 2017
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Wildland-urban interface (WUI) fires are a growing community problem. In local communities, the fire service has the authority and responsibility to provide for life safety and protection of property. As fire service leaders, along with this operational response, we have the…
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Page, Butler
Wildland firefighters in the US are mandated to identify areas that provide adequate separation between themselves and the flames (i.e. safety zones) to reduce the risk of burn injury. This study presents empirical models that estimate the distance from flames that would result…
Year: 2017
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Padhi, Shotorban, Mahalingam
A three-dimensional physics-based model was used to investigate the effect of shrub size, shrub separation distance and wind on the burnout times of shrubs. The shrub considered for this study was chamise. Two shrub sizes with different physical dimensions and initial masses…
Year: 2017
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Thompson
The management of wildfire is a dynamic, complex, and fundamentally uncertain enterprise. Fire managers face uncertainties regarding fire weather and subsequent influence on fire behavior, the effects of fire on socioeconomic and ecological resources, and the efficacy of…
Year: 2015
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Stonesifer, Thompson, Calkin, McHugh
The appropriate role of large airtankers (LATs) in federal fire suppression in the United States has been the source of much debate and discussion in recent years as the U.S. Forest Service (USFS) has faced impending decisions about how best to address an aging fleet of…
Year: 2015
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Suicide in the Wildland Fire Service. What are the statistics on wildland firefighter suicide deaths? Why does such a negative stigma prevent discussing suicide in our business? What should we all know about suicide and suicide prevention? Answers to these significant questions—…
Year: 2017
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Soukup, Dailey, Ghio
The biological effect of particles on respiratory epithelial cells involves, in part, the generation of an oxidative stress and a consequent cascade of reactions culminating in inflammatory mediator release. Whether there is either an immediate, transitory activation or a…
Year: 2015
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Gilmour, Kim, Hays
The article focuses on chemistry and toxicity of emissions generated from diesel and biomass combustion. Topics discussed include concerns pertaining to air quality of different urban areas across the globe, association of long-term exposure to particulate matter (PM) with…
Year: 2015
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Ghio, Soukup, Case, Dailey, Richards, Berntsen, Devlin, Stone, Rappold
Objectives: Human exposure to wood smoke particles (WSP) impacts on human health through changes in indoor air quality, exposures from wild fires, burning of biomass and air pollution. This investigation tested the postulate that healthy volunteers exposed to WSP would…
Year: 2012
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Gullett, Tabor, Bertrand, Touati
Both long duration (>6 h) and high temperature (up to 139 °C) sampling efforts were conducted using ambient air sampling methods to determine if either high volume throughput or higher than ambient air sampling temperatures resulted in loss of target polychlorinated…
Year: 2013
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Coyle, Nagendra, Taylor, Campbell, Cunard, Joslin, Mundepi, Phillips, Callaham
Environmental disturbances seem to be increasing in frequency and impact, yet we have little understanding of the belowground impacts of these events. Soil fauna, while widely acknowledged to be important drivers of biogeochemical function, soil structure and sustainability, and…
Year: 2017
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Aurell, Gullett, Pressley, Tabor, Gribble
An aerostat-borne instrument and sampling method was developed to characterize air samples from area sources, such as emissions from open burning. The 10 kg battery-powered instrument system, termed “the Flyer”, is lofted with a helium-filled aerostat of 4 m nominal diameter and…
Year: 2011
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES