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The Alaska Reference Database originated as the standalone Alaska Fire Effects Reference Database, a ProCite reference database maintained by former BLM-Alaska Fire Service Fire Ecologist Randi Jandt. It was expanded under a Joint Fire Science Program grant for the FIREHouse project (The Northwest and Alaska Fire Research Clearinghouse). It is now maintained by the Alaska Fire Science Consortium and FRAMES, and is hosted through the FRAMES Resource Catalog. The database provides a listing of fire research publications relevant to Alaska and a venue for sharing unpublished agency reports and works in progress that are not normally found in the published literature.

Displaying 1 - 25 of 13142

DellaSala, Ingalsbee, Hanson
Wildfires are a fact of life for westerners. They mark the beginning of the spring season and have been a keystone architect of biodiverse ecosystems for millennia. While wildfires are not eco-catastrophes, they are a health concern, evoke public fear-of-fire exploited by…
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Hostetler, Bartlein, Alder
We analyze climate simulations conducted with the RegCM3 regional climate model on 50‐ and 15‐km model grids to diagnose the dependence of wildfire incidence and area burned variations on monthly climate long‐term means and anomalies over North America for the period 1986‐2013.…
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Gallacher, Ripa, Butler, Fletcher
The Coanda effect is the phenomenon in which a jet entering quiescent fluid attaches to a nearby solid object due to inhibited entrainment of ambient fluid near the solid. Little is known about the influence of the Coanda effect on wildland fire behavior. Specifically, there is…
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Stanley, Hom, Gai, Joiner
Recent research has indicated that firefighters are at elevated suicide risk. Fire service organizations have called for research to examine fire service subgroups that might be at relatively increased suicide risk. Although anecdotal reports suggest that wildland firefighters…
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Pereira, Francos, Brevik, Ubeda, Bogunovic
Soils are an important natural capital and can be negatively affected by high severity fires. The capacity of soil to recover from the degradation caused by fire disturbance depends on fire history, ash properties, topography, post-fire weather, vegetation recuperation and post-…
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Fečkan, Pačuta
We consider a wildfire spread model represented by the system (1). We use results from the theory of Hamilton-Jacobi equations to prove that there exists a classical solution of (1) for any (ϕ,t)∈R×(0,T)(ϕ,t)∈R×(0,T) and some T>0T>0 and satisfies particular initial…
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Wilson, Paveglio, Becker
Often missing or underdeveloped in wildland fire research is a clear sense of the link between contemporaneous political possibility and the desired ecological or management outcomes. We examine the disconnect between desired outcomes and what we call the “politically possible…
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Harley, Baisan, Brown, Falk, Flatley, Grissino-Mayer, Hessl, Heyerdahl, Kaye, Lafon, Margolis, Maxwell, Naito, Platt, Rother, Saladyga, Sherriff, Stachowiak, Stambaugh, Sutherland, Taylor
Dendroecology is the science that dates tree rings to their exact calendar year of formation to study processes that influence forest ecology (e.g., Speer 2010 [1], Amoroso et al., 2017 [2]). Reconstruction of past fire regimes is a core application of dendroecology, linking…
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Halofsky, Donato, Franklin, Halofsky, Peterson, Harvey
Building resilience to natural disturbances is a key to managing forests for adaptation to climate change. To date, most climate adaptation guidance has focused on recommendations for frequent‐fire forests, leaving few published guidelines for forests that naturally experience…
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Andrews
The Rothermel surface fire spread model, with some adjustments by Frank A. Albini in 1976, has been used in fire and fuels management systems since 1972. It is generally used with other models including fireline intensity and flame length. Fuel models are often used to define…
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Catchpole, de Mestre, Gill
The Byram index of fire intensity is extended from the head of a fire to include its total perimeter. Variation in intensity is plotted against different variables for an elliptical fire front; for one of these variables (the normal angle) this plot is shown to apply to an…
Year: 1982
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES, TTRS

Catchpole, Alexander, Gill
Equations are presented for determining the proportion of the total perimeter and area burned for a simple elliptically shaped fire for any specified range of Byram's fireline intensities. The same principles apply to any characteristic that is dependent on fireline intensity.…
Year: 1992
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES, TTRS

Van Wagner
A scheme is presented for dealing with the full range of fire behavior in conifer forests. It is based on empirical data from fires in Canadian forests plus a theory to describe the physical conditions for the transition from surface to crown fire. In its ideal form, the model…
Year: 1989
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Porterie, Zekri, Clerc, Loraud
The small world network model is extended to study fire spread through forest fuels. The proposed model includes the short-range radiative and convective effects from the flame as well as the long-range “spotting” effect of firebrands. It uses a weighting procedure on network…
Year: 2007
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Leroy, Leoni, Santoni
In wildland fires, gaseous fuel released from the thermal degradation of vegetation is burnt in the flame surrounding the solid. The gaseous fuel is a complex and variable mixture including mainly CO, CH4, CO2, and other light hydrocarbons (C2H2, C2H4, C2H6, C3H6). For the first…
Year: 2008
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Sardoy, Consalvi, Kaiss, Fernandez-Pello, Porterie
An analysis was conducted of the transport of burning brands by plumes above line fires in a crosswind. The characteristics of firebrands at landing and their ground distribution were particularly investigated. Calculations were performed with disk-shaped firebrands for fire…
Year: 2008
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Mell, Maranghides, McDermott, Manzello
Fires spreading in elevated vegetation, such as chaparral or pine forest canopies, are often more intense than fires spreading through surface vegetation such as grasslands. As a result, they are more difficult to suppress, produce higher heat fluxes, more firebrands and smoke,…
Year: 2009
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Balbi, Morandini, Silvani, Filippi, Rinieri
This work presents an enhanced version of a simple model of surface fire spread, already reported in [J.H. Balbi, J.L. Rossi, T. Marcelli, P.A. Santoni, Combust. Sci. Technol. 178 (2007) 2511-2537]. The simplicity of the original model was preserved and the “faster than real…
Year: 2009
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Reszka, Borowiec, Steinhaus, Torero
A methodology for the estimation of ignition times on solid materials is presented. It is based on the observation that the time to ignition is proportional to the squared time integral of the incident heat flux. This relationship can be readily demonstrated for the classical…
Year: 2012
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

El Houssami, Thomas, Lamorlette, Morvan, Chaos, Hadden, Simeoni
A method to accurately understand the processes controlling the burning behavior of porous wildland fuels is presented using numerical simulations and laboratory experiments. A multiphase approach has been implemented in OpenFOAM, which is based on the FireFOAM solver for large…
Year: 2016
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

The Wildland Fire Lessons Learned Center provides the nuts and bolts on real-deal incidents that translate into actions you can take.
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Petrenko, Kahn, Chin, Limbacher
Simulations of biomass burning (BB) emissions in global chemistry and aerosol transport models depend on external inventories, which provide location and strength for BB aerosol sources. Our previous work shows that to first order, satellite snapshots of aerosol optical depth (…
Year: 2017
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Earl, Simmonds
Fire regimes across the globe have great spatial and temporal variability, and these are influence by many factors including anthropogenic management, climate, and vegetation types. Here we utilize the satellite‐based 'active fire' product, from Moderate Resolution Imaging…
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Mehta, Singh, Anshumali
In this paper, the decadal datasets available from the space-borne lidar, Cloud Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP) onboard Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) are analyzed in order to understand the spatial and vertical…
Year: 2018
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES

Rodríguez y Silva, González-Cabán
We propose an economic analysis using utility and productivity, and efficiency theories to provide fire managers a decision support tool to determine the most efficient fire management programs levels. By incorporating managers’ accumulated fire suppression experiences (…
Year: 2016
Type: Document
Source: FRAMES